CKD ( Chronic kidney disease)
The common causes of CKD are
Long standing Diabetes mellitus
Chronic glomerular diseases ( usually underlying cause is obscure)
Chronic interstitial diseases.
Stone disease or other obstructive diseases like enlarged prostate, narrowing of urethra, cancer of cervix in woman or prostate in man,
Genetic diseases Polycystic kidneys, vesicoureteric reflux
Acute kidney injury that does not recover, Analgesic abuse,
HIV related kidney disease etc.